This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (2022)

By Angela Dewan, International Climate Editor

Published 7:41 AM EDT, Tue September 7, 2021

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (2)

Flames burn on a mountain near the Greek village of Limni, on the island of Evia about 100 miles north of Athens, on August 3.

London CNN

Europe experienced its hottest summer on record this year and temperatures in the Mediterranean smashed records by large margins, the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service said Tuesday.

Like much of the Northern Hemisphere, Europe was battered by extreme weather events over recent months, including record levels of rain that triggered deadly floods in Germany and Belgium, and heatwaves that contributed to wildfires in the south of the region.

The average temperature from the start of June until the end of August was around 0.1 degrees Celsius warmer than the previous hottest summers in 2010 and 2018, a relatively small increase. But it was a whole 1 degree C (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above the 1991-2020 average, reflecting the longer-term trend of human-caused global warming.

The year 2020 was also the hottest on record for Europe overall.

The increase in temperatures was not evenly distributed – as southern Europe broke heat records and the east was warmer than average, northern Europe experienced below-average summer heat.

A man refreshes himself in a fountain during a hot summer day in Messina, on August 11, 2021. Giovanni Isolino/AFP/Getty Images Italy may have hit Europe's hottest day on record as anticyclone 'Lucifer' sweeps in

Copernicus’ records go back to 1950, but because of the trend of global warming, this summer is likely to also be a record for the whole industrial era.

Italy recorded a temperature of 48.8 degrees C (119.8 degrees F) on August 11 in Sicily. If verified by the World Meteorological Organization, that would be the hottest day ever recorded in Europe. The hottest before that was 48.0 C in Athens, Greece in 1977.

The heat was related to an anticyclone that impacted Spain as well, and followed extreme heat in Greece and Turkey, which experienced destructive wildfires.

And temperatures at the Greenland summit over the weekend of August 14-15 rose above freezing for the third time in less than a decade, causing rain to fall there for the first time on record, with 7 billion tons of water falling on the ice sheet.

Human-made climate change is making extreme weather events more frequent and intense. Many major heatwave events globally have been scientifically linked to climate change.

A recent analysis by the World Weather Attribution project also found that climate change had made the German and Belgian floods more likely.

Like wildfires, flooding can also be related to high temperatures. Sustained heat can worsen drought conditions, but it can also increase the amount of water vapor held in the atmosphere, which can make rainfall heavier, even if it is less frequent.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (4)
(Video) Europe’s climate in 2050

Firefighters battle a wildfire near Avila, Spain, on August 16.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (5)

A helicopter drops water as a wildfire burns in the village of Navalmoral, Spain, on August 16.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (7)

Forest fires rage on the Greek island of Euboea on August 11.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (8)

This aerial photo shows a wildfire-affected area in Mugla, Turkey, on August 11.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (9)

Remains of an 18th-century Orthodox church are seen on August 10, after a fire on the Greek island of Evia.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (10)

Local youths and volunteers gather in a field and wait to support firefighters during a wildfire on August 9, close to the village of Kamatriades on the Greek island of Evia.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (11)

People sleep in a car near the beach in Pefki village as wildfires rage on the island of Evia on August 8.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (12)

A resident reacts as a wildfire approaches her house in the Greek village of Gouves, on the island of Evia, on August 8.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (13)

A house in Pefkofito, Greece, is destroyed on August 7.

(Video) The Hottest Temperatures Ever Recorded Anywhere on Earth

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (14)

A firefighter washes his face in the Milas area of Mugla, Turkey, on August 7.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (15)

People are evacuated on a ferry as a wildfire burns in Limni, Greece, on August 6.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (16)

A satellite photo shows smoke rising from fires on the island of Evia, Greece, on August 5.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (17)

Firefighters try to extinguish a wildfire near the town of Olympia, Greece, on August 5.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (19)

The grounds of a burnt hotel are seen in Lalas village, near Olympia, on August 5.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (20)

People move belongings to safety as a forest fire rages in a wooded area north of Athens, Greece, on August 5.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (21)

A wildfire approaches the Olympic Academy in Olympia, Greece, on August 4.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (22)

The remnants of a destroyed house are seen in the Varibobi area of northern Athens on August 4.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (23)
(Video) Hottest records of Summer in Europe | Latest News24

Onlookers view the smoke from the wildfires blanketing Athens' Acropolis on August 4.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (24)

A charred area of Mugla, Turkey, after a forest fire on August 3.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (25)

Smoke and flames rise over the village of Limni on the Greek island of Evia.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (26)

Firefighters work as a house burns in the Adames area of northern Athens on August 3.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (27)

A woman pours water over a baby's head at a fountain in Skopje, North Macedonia, as temperatures reached over 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) on August 2.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (28)

A man leads sheep away from an advancing fire in Mugla, Turkey, on August 2.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (29)

People watch an advancing fire that rages around the Cokertme village near Bodrum, Turkey, on August 2.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (31)

A handout photo from the Italian National Fire Brigade shows an aerial view of a fire in the Pineta Dannunziana reserve in Pescara, Italy, on August 1.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (32)

A man surveys a fire at Le Capannine beach in the Sicilian town of Catania, Italy, on July 30.

(Video) Europe heatwave fuels wildfires in Portugal, France and Spain - BBC News

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (33)

Firefighters battle a massive wildfire that engulfed a Mediterranean resort region on Turkey's southern coast near the town of Manavgat on July 29.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (34)

A firefighter talks to his colleague as they work to put out fires in Cuglieri, on the Italian island of Sardinia, on July 26.

This summer was Europe's hottest on record as Mediterranean heat soared | CNN (35)

A firefighting helicopter passes in front of a cloud of smoke from a forest fire near Spathovouni village, southwest of Athens, Greece, on July 23.

When heavy rain falls on dried out soil, the ground struggles to absorb the water efficiently and contributes to flooding.

World leaders agreed in 2015 to slash greenhouse gas emissions to contain global warming to 2 degrees C, but preferably 1.5 C, above pre-industrial levels to stave of worsening impacts of the climate crisis. Average global temperatures are already at around 1.2 C higher than pre-industrial levels.

A report published in August by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projected that regardless of how much global temperatures rise, Europe is a region that will get hotter. Critical thresholds for humans and the region’s ecosystems will be exceeded if global warming reaches 2 C or more.

At 1.5 C of warming, flooding caused by heavy rain is projected to increase in all parts of Europe, except for the south. At 2 C, the south is projected to experience an increase in drought conditions – a decrease in rain, warmer days and more days of extreme heat.

FAQs

When was the hottest summer in Europe? ›

The summer of 2022 was the hottest on record for Europe and China, the second-hottest for North America and Asia, and the fifth-hottest June-to-August period for planet Earth since record-keeping began in 1880, NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) reported September 14.

What was the hottest year in Europe? ›

The summer of 2022 was the hottest in Europe's recorded history, with the continent suffering blistering heatwaves and the worst drought in centuries, the European Commission's satellite monitor said on Thursday.

What was the hottest summer on record? ›

The hottest U.S. summer on record for the past 128 years happened last year, 2021, when the average temperature was 74 F (23.3 C). The 2nd hottest was during the Dust Bowl, back in 1936. NOAA made the measurement for meteorological summer, which runs from June 1 to August 31.

Has Europe had a hot summer? ›

Europe just had its hottest summer and hottest August on record, according to the EU's Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), implemented by the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. ECMWF datasets feed into WMO's State of the Climate reports.

Is 2022 the hottest summer on record? ›

June–August 2022 was the Northern Hemisphere's second-hottest meteorological summer on record at 2.07 degrees F (1.15 degrees C) above average, behind Summer 2020.

Was 1976 the hottest summer? ›

In the CET record, it was the warmest summer in the series until being surpassed in the 21st century. It was the warmest summer in the Aberdeen area since at least 1864, and the driest summer since 1868 in Glasgow.
...
1976 British Isles heat wave.
Lyme Regis Beach, Dorset, August 1976
AreasBritish Isles
Start date23 June 1976
End date27 August 1976
1 more row

Is 2022 the hottest year? ›

Per NOAA's data, 2022 has been the sixth-warmest year on record from January through August, with a global average temperature 1.55 degrees higher than the 20th-century average. Of the annual records, 2016 remains the warmest, but there is a less than 0.1 percent chance that 2022 manages to exceed that warmth.

How hot was the summer of 2022? ›

For meteorological summer (June 1 through August 31), the average temperature for the contiguous U.S. was 73.9 degrees F, 2.5 degrees above average, ranking as the third-hottest summer in 128 years.

What is the hottest in Europe? ›

Valletta in Malta, an island nation off the south coast of Italy, tops the list of ten hot cities in Europe. Farther east, temperatures in Athens, Greece are almost as high.
...
Hottest Cities in Europe.
High °F72.1
High °C22.3
CityValletta, Malta
Low °F58.8
Low °C14.9
9 more columns

What was the hottest year in history? ›

Looking at the Northern Hemisphere's land areas only, the temperature was third warmest on record, behind 2016 (second warmest) and 2020 (the warmest).

What is the hottest month recorded in history? ›

The experts have determined that July was hotter than any month that has been documented in the last 142 years. The scientists found that the combined land and ocean-surface temperature this July was 1.67 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th-century average.

What is the hottest year on record in the world? ›

The warmest seven years have all been since 2015; the top three being 2016, 2019 and 2020. An exceptionally strong El Niño event occurred in 2016, which contributed to record global average warming. “Back-to-back La Niña events mean that 2021 warming was relatively less pronounced compared to recent years.

Where is the hottest place in Europe in summer? ›

The hottest place in Europe is Valletta in Malta, with an average daily temperature over the whole year of 22.3ºC. A holiday in Malta is a pretty safe bet almost any time. Athens is second with an annual average of 22ºC.

Why is it so hot in Europe this summer? ›

Temperatures crept near or above 40 degrees Celsius in much of western Europe, and the heat is now moving east, where it is expected to linger into August. Heat waves are becoming increasingly intense, frequent and long lasting around the world because of climate change.

How hot did it get in Europe this summer? ›

Temperatures regularly soared above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), even reaching an astounding 47 degrees Celsius (116.6 degrees Fahrenheit) in Portugal on July 14. Temperatures remained between 5 and 10 degrees Celsius (9 – 18 degrees Fahrenheit) above average for days on end.

Is this summer hotter than normal? ›

How much warmer summer 2021 was compared to 50 years ago. Climate Central, a non-profit that analyzes and reports on climate science, shows 235 out of 246 US locations have seen an increase in their summer average temperature since 1970.

Is our sun getting hotter? ›

The Sun is becoming increasingly hotter (or more luminous) with time. However, the rate of change is so slight we won't notice anything even over many millennia, let alone a single human lifetime.

Is 2022 summer hotter than 1976? ›

The heatwave of 1976 was rare, 2022's is not.

The heatwave of 1976 was incredibly rare for that time period, with the average temperature of july 1976 being 18 degrees but in the 2010's the average temperature recorded in July was more than 20 degrees and the top ten warmest years ever for the UK have been since 2002.

Was it a hot summer in 1975? ›

Summer 1975 was the warmest Summer since since 1947 with a CET of 16.9C. Here's a summary of this Summer.

What was the hottest day in 1977? ›

The blistering sunshine is widely tipped to pass the 118.4F (48C) recorded in Athens, Greece, on July 10, 1977.

What will the hottest day of 2022 be? ›

07/20/2022: The hottest day of the year.

Why are we having a heat wave 2022? ›

ARCTIC WARMING AND JET STREAM MIGRATION

That is resulting in swings in the North Atlantic jet stream, which in turn leads to extreme weather events like heat waves and floods, according to Francis at the Woodwell Climate Research Center.

Why is the weather so hot in 2022? ›

Most climate divisions in the US experienced days when high temperatures were being made more likely because of climate change. Along the coast of Texas, for example, more than 60 days this summer had temperatures found to be influenced by climate change.

How did climate change affect the summer of 2022? ›

Summary: High temperatures, fuelled by climate change, dried out soils across Europe and the Northern Hemisphere this summer, finds a team of climate scientists.

How hot will it get by 2025? ›

It's becoming more likely that a key global temperature limit will be reached in one of the next five years. A major study says by 2025 there's a 40% chance of at least one year being 1.5C hotter than the pre-industrial level. That's the lower of two temperature limits set by the Paris Agreement on climate change.

What year in the 30s had the hottest summer on record? ›

The "Dust Bowl" years of 1930-36 brought some of the hottest summers on record to the United States, especially across the Plains, Upper Midwest and Great Lake States.

Where is the hottest country in Europe? ›

The Canary Islands are the warmest place in Europe, with a January average temperature of roughly 12-18 C (55-65 F). February temperatures are fairly similar.

Where is the hottest summer in the world? ›

Death Valley holds the record for the highest air temperature on the planet: On 10 July 1913, temperatures at the aptly named Furnace Creek area in the California desert reached a blistering 56.7°C (134.1°F). Average summer temperatures, meanwhile, often rise above 45°C (113°F).

Where are the hottest people in Europe? ›

Sexiest Nationalities In Europe
  • Danish. The impressive score of Danish people's sexiness proves that Denmark is beautiful in more ways than one. ...
  • Italian. From Sofia Loren to Monica Bellucci, Italian women are some of the most beautiful. ...
  • English. ...
  • French. ...
  • Dutch. ...
  • Spanish. ...
  • Czech. ...
  • 7 Hottest Places in Portugal.
20 Nov 2019

Is July or August hotter in Europe? ›

Eastern Europe Weather in August: August is just as hot and humid as July, with the highest average temperatures of the year at 26°C, and many days well over that. August also experiences some of the sunniest days of the year, with an average of 13 hours of sunshine, though there is usually more precipitation.

When was England's hottest summer? ›

Summer 2022

The summer of 2022 will be remembered as a dry and sunny three months, and for England, the joint warmest summer on record according to mean temperature*.

Was July the hottest month in history? ›

July of 2021 was the hottest month in recorded history, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The experts have determined that July was hotter than any month that has been documented in the last 142 years.

Was July the hottest month on record? ›

Extreme heat engulfed the western U.S. in July, bringing four western states – California, Oregon, Washington, and Nevada – their hottest July on record. Meanwhile, the southeast portion of the nation was near to slightly below average, so the U.S. as a whole had its 13th warmest July on record.

Is August the hottest month in Europe? ›

The month of August was also the hottest on record for Europe. Across the world, August was the third warmest on record, with warmings similar to 2017 and 2021. It was also close to the record-highest Augusts of 2016 and 2019. Countries across five continents have undergone heatwaves in July and early August.

Is it better to go to Europe in July or August? ›

Most Popular Europe Tour Packages

Although Europe is a year-round travel destination, the best time to visit Europe is during the summer months of June to September. This is the time when the sun is high, the beaches are warm and the weather is sunny.

Where is the hottest place in Europe in summer? ›

The hottest place in Europe is Valletta in Malta, with an average daily temperature over the whole year of 22.3ºC. A holiday in Malta is a pretty safe bet almost any time. Athens is second with an annual average of 22ºC.

Is 2022 the hottest summer on record UK? ›

The UK was not the only country in Europe to see temperature records shattered these past few months. A long-running drought, likely Europe's worst in 500 years, and series of extreme heatwaves made summer 2022 the continent's hottest on record, according to the Copernicus Climate Change Service.

Was 1976 the hottest summer in UK? ›

While it is certainly scorching out there, the standard by which all British summers are judged remains June to August of 1976, when the UK reportedly recorded its hottest average temperature for more than 350 years and its driest summer for 200, a record subsequently surpassed by an even more barren 1995.

Is this the hottest summer yet 2022 UK? ›

England has had its joint hottest summer on record, the Met Office says. Provisional figures show the summer of 2022 - covering June, July and August - had an average temperature of 17.1C. This year's summer tied with 2018 for the warmest, according to records stretching back to 1884.

What is the hottest month of the year 2022? ›

The summer started out hot and hardly abated. NASA data indicated June 2022 tied for the hottest June on record, July tied for the third warmest and August ranked as the second warmest globally. NOAA said June, July and August, individually and collectively, were the sixth warmest on record.

Which was the hottest year in human history? ›

Since the 1980s, each decade has been warmer than the previous one, said WMO and “this is expected to continue.” The warmest seven years have all been since 2015; the top three being 2016, 2019 and 2020. An exceptionally strong El Niño event occurred in 2016, which contributed to record global average warming.

What was the hottest day of the year 2022? ›

The daily mean CET for 19 July 2022 was 28.1°C making this the warmest day in this series with a margin of 2.8°C from the next warmest (25.9°C on 25 July 2019); an exceptional outlier in this 250 year series.

Is July 2022 the hottest month? ›

The average temperature across the contiguous U.S. last month was 76.4 degrees F (2.8 degrees above average), making July 2022 the third-hottest July in the 128-year climate record. Only July 1936 (first) and July 2012 (second) were hotter.

How hot was summer 2022? ›

Summer 2022: record heat across the U.S.

In 2022, the contiguous U.S. experienced its third-warmest summer (June-August) on record with an average summer temperature of 73.9°F—which is 2.5°F above long-term (1901-2000) average. Summer temperatures were much above average for most of the Lower 48 states.

What was the hottest month in human history? ›

July was the hottest month ever recorded in human history, according to new data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

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